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What is Minoxidil Solution? - Use of Minioxidil for Hairs


Minoxidil, the wonder hair growth drug is one of only two FDA - approved treatments for hair loss. It is the only anti-baldness drug approved for women. It was originally introduced as a medicine to treat high blood pressure but it was noticed that users started to grow extra hair.

Minoxidil solution is sold under different brand names such as "Regaine" and "Headway". It is available as a 2% and a 5% solution.

How does minoxidil work?

There is some uncertainty surrounds the exact reasons why it works, but some research-driven theories have been put forward.

It has been argued that minoxidil is a vasodilator, meaning that it opens up blood vessels in the scalp letting blood circulate more freely thus delivering more oxygen and nutrients to the follicle. The main benefit of this treatment is that it stimulates hair growth for both men and women. It does not tackle the causes of hair loss but overrides the symptoms associated with the condition. A second theory argues that minoxidil enlarges withered follicles that have previously been damaged by androgens, thus extending the growth cycle.

A third argument suggests that it promotes cell division around the hair follicle thus encouraging growth. Whatever the reasons, minoxidil has proven to be a very effective hair loss treatment, particularly when used to reverse the effects of androgenetic alopecia (hereditary hair loss or male pattern baldness). It has also proven useful in treating less severe cases of alopecia areata but its effectiveness in helping other forms of hair loss appears limited.

Side effects of minoxidil

The most common side effect includes

  • Scalp irritation - but clinical trials indicate this is likely to affect only 3% of regular users.
  • Dry mouth
  • Lowered blood pressure
  • Dizziness

Women need to exercise care if using the 5% solution as some instances of unwanted facial hair growth have been reported.

When Minoxidil is not recommended?

  • If you are sensitive to the medication or have had an allergic reaction to it.
  • If you use other topical prescription medications on your scalp.
  • If you are pregnant or nursing.
  • If you are under eighteen.

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Hair & Scalp

Acne cheloidalis (keloidalis)
Alopecia mucinosa
Cradle cap
Erosive pustular dermatosis
Female pattern balding
Folliculitis decalvans
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Head lice
p-Phenylenediamine allergy
Pseudofolliculitis barbae
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