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Relation of Menopause and Hair Problems



 

What is Menopause?

(change of life, climacteric) the period before and including the end of menstruation. This normally occurs between the age of 45 and 55, but a premature menopause may happen earlier, between the age of 40. The ovaries stop producing eggs, menstrual flows ceases, and women is no longer able to have children. Generally, the Menopause arises gradually, with menstrual periods changing in frequency and level of flow.


After periods have caused for 12 months, the menopause is usually complete and the women is said to be postmenopausal. There is a hormonal imbalance in the body during the menopause, with less OESTROGEN from the ovaries and high level of FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) to compensate.

Symptoms of Menopause

Physical symptoms include hot flushes, night sweats and fatigue, and there may be vaginitis, painful intercourse and vaginal atrophy. Postmenopausal women run and increased risk of osteoporosis. The hormone imbalance can also cause anxiety, depression, emotional problems, irritability, insomnia and tearfulness. Many of these symptoms can be resolved by hormone replacement therapy, which is becoming increasingly popular.

Birth control is necessary until periods have stopped for a year, and regular physical examinations should be carried out, e.g. blood pressure, weight, breast, pelvic organs and a cervical smear test. Breast self-examination is important.

Menopausal Skin

The hormone oestrogen stimulates the production of collagen, a material that provides structural support for the skin. During menopause, decreasing oestrogen levels cause a breakdown of this collagen, resulting in slackness and wrinkles. Skin also becomes more fragile and the top layers (epidermis and dermis) separate more easily. This results in slow-healing cuts or bruises from what seems like relatively minor rough handling. For this reason, it is important to treat your complexion with a gentle touch.

Apply skin-care products and make-up by patting them gently into the skin; do not pull, rub, or stretch the skin! Furthermore, keep skin moist and pliable with morning and night applications of your favourite moisturizer.   

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